Pattern of preferences by searching a place in a nursing home  

Zernig Malatschnig C., Frick U., Habich M., Zaminer I.
First author's affiliation: FH - Kärnten, Feldkirchen, Austria

Based on the fact that the population grows older and older, the health care system needs more than ever a computerised documentation and information system. The project CAREN „Carinthia Registry of Nursing“ is aimed at establishing a populated based nursing registry in Carinthia. To query the status of the daily availability of beds in all nursing homes in Carinthia, a well-structured database needed to be designed. To prioritize potential decision criteria for chosing a place in a nursing home, N = 226 patients, relatives and professionals in hospitals and/or nursing homes were asked to fill out the questionnaire from the perspective of a patient. Patterns of preferences and relative importance of 47 decision criteria were analysed by latent class analysis (LCA). The LCA differentiates between five patterns of preferences. The five motives are very different from “everything is important in a nursing home” by “what is the present price of all these things” and “I don’t care”. Some criteria discriminate very well for example the item “there is a sauna in the nursing home”, between the five types than other criteria. Other criteria like “There are qualified employees in nursing homes” will be judged as very important by all persons. The chi-square test shows a correlation between sex and the five types. The result will be considered by the construction of the structure of the CAREN information website.