Reciprocal burnout model (RBM): Interconnectedness of interpersonal and intrapersonal factors  [presentation, pps, 323 kB]

Pšeničny A.
Inštitut za razvoj človeških virov, Ljubljana, Slovenia

Most of researchers tend to link the burnout syndrome and environmental stress (interpersonal causes). Even though Freudenberger, who introduced the term burnout in 1976, thought that the burnout is a condition, that folows the preoccupation as a narcissistic need for omnipotence, reaserchers only recently focus their attention on personal characteristics of people that are experiencing burnout (intrapersonal causes). Reciprocal burnout model (RBM) links both causes. It shows why only a portion of people in same circumstances suffer from burnout syndrome. It states that personal characteristics are one of the main causes why people suffering from burnout syndrome enroll in nonreciprocal personal and professional relations and shows the role that the socialization process plays in development of these characteristics. The RMB explains the psychodynamic background of performance based self esteem (uncohesive) and four types of psychodynamic mechanisms that can lead to workoholism, which is the main symptom of burnout syndrom. The core of RBM consists in one's attitude towards his or her basic needs' fulfillment, personal system of values and correlation between fulfillment of basic needs (energy accumulation) and burning out process (energy consumption). RBM is a foundation for differentiation between burnout syndrom and smilar mental disorders and for understanding of the underlying dynamics that lead to burnout syndrom. It is also the fundament for appropriate chioce of psychotherapeutic modality for people experiencing burning out and burnout. RBM is also opening series of questions, like connection between personal traits, life satisfaction and personal values, and burnout syndrome risk behavior, as well as influence of whole life circumstances on burning out process.