Psychopathological symptoms in patients with autoimmune disorders  

Nagy L., Czirják L., Gyöngyösiné Kiss E., Hargitai R., Paksi E.
First author's affiliation: University of Pecs, Pecs, Hungary

In many respects, the Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory (MMPI-2) is a widely used measure of psychopathology and internationally accepted comprehensive instrument for the assessment of individual differences in personality psychology (Butcher, 2006). Because of its clinical utility, the MMPI often is present in existing data sets, and its broad coverage of symptomatology makes it a frequent choice when several personality/psychopathology measure is obtained. The presentation aims to examine the degree of psychopathological symptoms in patients with autoimmune disorders. Subjects were selected on a database from the Immunology and rheumatology clinic of University of Pécs. During the recruitment period September 2007 to May 2008, 170 female patients who attended were asked to participate in the study. The sample consists of patients with systemic scleroderma (SSC, N = 100), with rheumatoid arthritis (RA; N = 20) and with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE, N = 50). In age and qualification matched healthy female were used as controls (N = 100). As diagnostic assessment instrument we used the booklet form of the MMPI-2 Hungarian translated 567-item version. As a group, patients with autoimmune disorders respond somewhat differently in MMPI measures than healthy adults on 6 of the 10 basic clinical scales. In aggregate they tend to have higher scores on the Hypochondriasis, Hysteria, Depression, and Social introversion scales and lower scores on the Psychopathic deviate and Hypomania scales. But there are huge differences among the SSC, RA and SLE patients. More details, the results of the content scales and their implications will be discussed in our presentation.