Psychomotor and intelligence attribution as self esteem maintenance
Nouri A., Salahian A., Oreizi H.
First author's affiliation: Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran
According to literature on social cognition, people usually accept the validity of favorable evaluation to their source and conversely derogate the source of unfavorable evaluations. They express their affirmative affect toward the result of achievement tests when they have done well on it; vice versa they derogate the test's results when they believe they have done poorly. The aim of the current research was to test these claims. Undergraduate students of psychology (N = 149)responded to three psychomotor tests (called Pattern, Precision and Coordinance test, from Flanagan Aptitude Classification Tests or FACT) and General Intelligence tests (from General Aptitude Test Battery). Then, they received counterfactual feedbacks about outcomes of their performance on Intelligence and Psychomotor tests. Then, they responded to a test that investigators pretended to be the judgment and comprehension test from FACT. On this constructed test, equal positive statements were included on applying intelligence and psychomotor tests, as well as negative statements on applying intelligence and psychomotor tests was included. Subjects should report their conclusions about these prepositions. Findings showed that subjects who received negative feedbacks about their performance on general intelligence test disparaged them, while negative feedbacks about performance on psychomotor tests didn't produce negative reactions. Conclusions indicated that self-esteem is more sensitive to intelligence than psychomotor performance, because people attribute intelligence more than psychology performance to their self concept.