The comparison of measuring attachment with a questionnaire and the measurement range of the Szondi test
Kormos K., Török I., Nagygyörgy K., Lacsán K., Korchmáros Z., Kőváry Z.
First author's affiliation: University of Szeged, Department of Psychology, Szeged, Hungary
Several examinations prove that the dysfunctions of the attachment influence the psychiatric vulnerability and may cause different psychiatric dysfunctions. In our study, we used the Hungarian version of two current questionnaire methods (ECR-R, AAS) and the vectors of the Szondi test measuring attachment on the sample of the normal population of 80 people (aged 20–26). During the examination, we used the two-profile method of Szondi-Mérei; one was recorded before filling in the questionnaires and one after it. Thus, for the second time, the effect of the attachment-experience also appeared by the attachment questionnaires. We compared the attachment styles given by the questionnaire with the inherent constellation of vectors Szondi ‘C’ and ‘S’. Some constellations of factor Szondi ‘C’ were related significantly more often to secure, avoiding, and anxious attachment styles. In case of secure attachment style, we received significantly more often the Szondi ‘C’ factor 0+, -+ and -0 constellations. In case of avoiding and anxious attachment, the ++ constellation also appeared whereas the -+ constellation was typical of avoiding and secure attachment styles. We had to pay attention to the intimate signs of factor ‘h’. We conclude that the 0+ constellation is the sign of the secure attachment. The ++ sign can be interpreted in a way that attachment is not sufficient, anxious searching may emerge. That is why the anxious attachment or avoiding attachment can appear as a form of reaction. According to the study, the Szondi test does not categorize so accurately, but the behaviour and motivations can be understood more clearly.