Comparing factors of Cloninger’s Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) with the Szondi-test in a sample of criminal offenders  [presentation, ppt, 661 kB]

Biro V., Gyöngyösiné Kiss E.
First author's affiliation: University of Pecs, Pecs, Hungary

Characteristics of criminal personality have been studied by several theorists in the history of psychology from Gall’s phrenology till the latest psychopathological approaches. Cloninger’s Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI, 1994) is designed to assess differences between people in seven basic dimensions of temperament and character. The four temperament dimensions are Novelty Seeking, Harm Avoidance, Reward Dependence, Persistence and the three character dimensions are Self-Directedness, Cooperativeness and Self-Transcendence. The inventory has been developed to account for individual differences in normal and abnormal (deviant) behavior patterns as well. In our empirical research we examine 100 criminal offenders. The subjects filled out the TCI, and the Szondi Test was also taken with them (eight times). We compared the scores of the TCI factors with the factors of the Szondi Test. Our hypotheses are based on Dr. Phil. Enikő Gyöngyösiné Kiss’ examination (on a non-criminal, healthy sample), which obtained, that in the cases of Harm Avoidance, Novelty Seeking, Reward Dependence and Cooperativeness factors in the TCI there is a positive correlations with the suitable Szondi Test signs.