Creativity and the elaboration of aggression
Kőváry Z., Török I., Látos M.
First author's affiliation: Institution of Psychology, University of Science of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
A number of psychoanalysts and psychologists came to the conclusion that creativity and aggression are affecting each other: aggression feeds man's pursuit to cope with inner and external obstacles successfully, and creative process – by Freud's original theory on sublimation – helps us to express our aggression in a socially acceptable form. Arts also have a special psychological function in regulating affective states of the Self. We therefore assumed that there will be a negative correlation between creativity and anger acting out. To verify our hypothesis, we used Torrance's (1960) test to measure creativity (originality) and Spielberger’s Anger In-Anger Out Scale (Perczel, Kiss, Ajtay, 2007) to study the style of coping with anger. To examine if there is a connection between low level creativity and authoritarianism, we also used the Hungarian adaptation of F-scale (Fábián, 1998). We studied 18-year-old Hungarian students: art high-school students (N = 75) and control regular high-school students (N = 75). The whole sample scored 19.6 on the Anger Out scale, which is higher than the Hungarian standard value. Students with above-mean Non Verbal Originality (NVO) on Torrance test had lower Anger Out values than the group with below-mean NVO. Students in art high-school scored higher on F-scale than regular high-school students. These findings confirm that people with lower NVO (less creativity) tend to act their anger out more then people with higher NVO. It seems that creative persons show less hostility, because they have the way to elaborate their negative emotions.