Temperament and character in scleroderma and lupus erythematosus
Csókási K., Hargitai R., Gyöngyösiné Kiss E., Nagy L., Paksi E., Czirják L.
First author's affiliation: Pécsi Tudományegyetem, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary
The personality of patients with systemic autoimmune diseases is rarely examined. In our study we investigated 50 women with systemic sclerosis and the same amount of women with systemic lupus erythematosus. The control group consisted of 50 healthy women. The applied psychological instrument was The Temperament and character inventory (TCI), which is based on Cloninger’s personality-theory. It considers not only the influence of the social environment and learning, but also the biological and genetic factors in the process of personality-development. According to our results the patients with systemic autoimmune diseases presented significantly higher scores on harm avoidance and significantly lower on novelty seeking. Summing up the results, it can be said, that the most important difference among the healthy and the two patient groups appears in the temperament factors – for example obsessive-compulsive temperament was reported by more than half of the women with scleroderma.