School-to-work-transition in the emerging adulthood
Eotvos Lorand University Faculty of Education and Psychology, Budapest, Hungary
The vocational guidance is a well researched area of the psychology. At the same time the beginning of the young adult career is more neglected theme. If we want to see the whole career process, we have to pay attention to the difficulty or 'crisis' of the beginning of working life. From the complex social and economic context it can be seen how important role transitions, future expectations, job experiences and outside factors like education and economy systems are in the forming of working career. I would like to analyse these variables trough a new phenomenon, called 'quarterlife crisis'. This psychological concept respects to young, graduate adults, who want to start their adult life and who are seeking or beginning a job and it is connected to unrealistic expectations, deficient knowledge of working market, social pressure of financial well being and the responsibility of making long-term decisions about their life. These variables can lead to strong anxiety, feeling of insecurity and impotence or depression. It could be presumed that the marks of the crisis – if this is an existing concept – must appear among university students in their last semester because they are standing in the door of real, working life. According to the results of previous surveys among senior students these conditions do not lead necessarily to a crisis, but it was proved that this period can be very hard and full of insecurity. In this presentation I try to place the concept in the sociology and the psychology literature and find an answer to the question whether QC brings a new approach to these fields or not.